As you wander around the ancient city of Rome you will find that almost every piazza (square) is adorned with a beautiful fountain. Typical of Rome, these fountains are exquisite works of art designed and sculptured during the Baroque and Renaissance periods. Over 2000 in all and 50 being monumental, Rome has more fountains than any other city in the world.
Here is a rundown of some of the most famous fountains that you must visit on your trip to Rome.
The Trevi Fountain
The most famous, beautiful and defiantly the most romantic of all the fountains has to be the Fontana di Trevi. The Trevi Fountain designed by Italian architect Nicola Salvi and completed by Pietro Bracci in 1762 is largest Baroque fountain in the city and one of the most famous fountains in the world. Famed for its romantic myths and legends thousands of tourists flock here every day to toss a coin over their shoulder the hope of securing their return one day.
The Fountain Of The Four Rivers
“that the only way to avoid employing Bernini was not to see his designs.”
In 1648 Pope Innocent X announced a competition open to all artists except one to design a fountain for the centre of Piazza Navona in a bid to clean up and beautify what was once one of Romes most squalid neighborhoods. Gian Lorenzo Bernini was initially excluded from the contest by the Pope because of his close association with the previous Pope. But this didn’t deter Bernini, and found alternative way of allowing Pope Innocent to see his drawings. To which he was immediately ordered to begin the construction of what is now one of the most beautiful fountains in the world. The “Fontana dei Quattro Fiumi” (The four Rivers) is built around a slender Egyptian obelisk surmounted by a dove, a symbol both of the church and the papal family. The fountain represents the four great rivers known in the world at that time. The Nile in Africa, The Ganges in Asia, The Danube in Europe and The Río de la Plata in America.
Each of the rivers is represented by a naked figure surrounded by flora, fauna, or other symbols specific to each particular area.
The Fountain of the turtle
Hidden away unlike the other fountains the Fontana delle Tartarughe is worth the walk to Piazza Mattei. Designed during the renaissance period by Giacomo della Porta the fountain features four male figures propped up by dolphins encouraging tiny turtles to drink water from a smaller pool above their heads. According to legend, Mattei had the fountain built in a single night with the aim to impress his future father-in-law, who at the time had not yet given his consent to his daughter’s marriage.